Government Land in Michigan

The Michigan Department of Natural Resources manages 4.5 million acres, 12 percent of the total State land area, while the Federal government manages an additional 3.1 million acres, 8 percent of the total State land area, and 114,000 acres are managed by local units of government for recreation. In addition to DNR managed lands, the State owns an additional 375,020 acres, including 180,000 acres managed by the Department of Transportation, and 155,000 acres managed by the Department of Military Affairs.

Start of Lend Lease

In 1940 the United States sold 500,000 World War One Lee Enfield rifles, 500 field guns, 35,000 machine guns and 500 mortars and ammunition to Great Britain and France for $37.6 million in violation of its own Neutrality Act. But not technically. Technically the government sold the weapons to US Steel. So it was US Steel who sold weapons to Great Britain, which was perfectly legal.

That was the first transfer of war material to Great Britain before the US got into World War II. Later, US aid to Great Britain was formalized as the Lend Lease Program.

That from the book “Nineteen Weeks: America, Britain and the fateful summer of 1940” by Norman Moss.

Dunkirk’s Titanic Connection

RMS Titanic’s second officer, Charles Lightoller, helped evacuate 338,000 British and French soldiers from Dunkirk in May 1940 during the German conquest of France. Lightoller was 66 years old at the time. He drove his 59-foot yacht, the Sundowner, across the English Channel with his teenage son and a sea scout. The yacht “had never carried more than 20 people before but it brought back 130 soldiers crammed in below decks, exhausted and vomiting in suffocating heat, the more so because Lightoller at the helm was zigzagging to avoid bombs.”

That from the book “Nineteen Weeks: America, Britain and the fateful summer of 1940” by Norman Moss.

Churchill offers to merge Britain and France

The British government led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill offered to merge the UK and France into a single country in June 1940 when France was on the verge of collapse on account of German invasion. Discouraged by his cabinet’s hostile reaction to the proposal, French Prime Minister Paul Reynaud resigned. That put 84-year-old Philippe Pétain in power, and he promptly asked the Germans for an armistice, which is how the UK came to face Germany alone in the Battle of Britain.

That from the book “Nineteen Weeks: America, Britain and the fateful summer of 1940” by Norman Moss.

A 1993 documentary on French collaboration with Nazi Germany is available on Amazon.